The International Judicial Cooperation is based on important regulations in civil, commercial, family and criminal matters that are provided at the EU level, at national and international level. International conventions and treaties are at the core of this framework. In addition, the Romanian Law enables, like many other states, the cooperation on the basis of reciprocity, without a formal mechanism.
Since Romania joined the European Union, the judicial cooperation with other member states is conducted in a direct manner by relevant authorities.
At the EU level, this cooperation is based on the principles of recognition and mutual trust and is sanctioned by the provisions of Chapters 3 and 4, Title V, of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.